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Application Description Related Products
Adhesives Dow Triethanolamine (TEA) functions as an intermediate for adhesive chemicals. TEA
Agriculture Dow Ethanolamines are used in herbicide formulations and as chemical intermediates for molluscide, fungicides and algaecide products MEA, DEA and TEA
Dow Piperazine (PIP) is the active ingredient in certain veterinary anthelmintic preparations – primarily for combating intestinal worms in poultry and swine. The PIP salts have long been agents of choice for use against roundworms and pinworms. PIP
Triisopropanolamine (TIPA) is used as a neutralizing agent in agricultural products. TIPA
Asphalt Additives Mono- and bis-amidoamines, imidazolines, and their mixtures made from several ethyleneamines are used in antistrip formulations and asphalt-in-water emulsions. Antistrip additives promote adhesion between the mineral aggregate and the asphalt in mixtures for road paving, patching, and surfacing. They are typically prepared from the higher molecular weight ethyleneamines and fatty acids. Similar ethyleneamine derivatives are used to make asphalt-in-water emulsions. These are generally used as their HCL or acetic acid salts. DETA, TETA, TEPA, AEP and HPA X
Triispropanolamine (TIPA) is used as a neutralizing agent in water-borne coatings. TIPA
Bleach Activator Tetraacetylethylenediamine has been widely adopted for use in home laundry products as an activator for peroxygen bleaches. It is prepared by first reacting Ethylenediamine (EDA) with two moles of acetic acid to form the bis-amide, which is then reacted with two moles of acetic anhydride to form the tetra-amide. EDA
Cement Dow Amines are used in many cement and concrete production applications, to enhance strength, reduce drying time and protect against the affects of freezing and thawing. Triethanolamine (TEA) is used as a component in the formulation of cement grinding media during the manufacture of cements. TEA, DEA, and MEA
Chelating Agents Ethylenediamine (EDA), Diethylenetriamine (DETA) and Aminoethylethanolamine (AEEA) ethyleneamines are appropriate for use as chelating agents. Polycarboxylic acids and their salts derived from ethyleneamines are favored for their use in a variety of applications where specific metal ions interfere with processing, or need to be buffered, concentrated, separated, or transported. They operate by forming stoichiometric complexes, called chelates, with most di- or polyvalent metals. The most important commercial family of chelating agents is ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid and its various sodium salts, made from EDA. EDA, DETA and AEEA
Coatings Aminoethylethanolamine (AEEA) is commonly used to make a derivative (Hydroxyethyl ethylene urea) for use as a wet-adhesion additive for latex paints. This derivative enhances the adhesion of latex paint surfaces under damp conditions. AEEA
N-methylethanolamine (NMEA) is also used in coatings formulations. NMEA 
Triisopropanolamine (TIPA) and diisopropanolamine (DIPA) are also used in coatings applications. TIPA, DIPA 
Corrosion Inhibitors Certain ethyleneamines can be used as corrosion inhibitors in petroleum production operations. The reaction of Diethylenetriamine (DETA) and Triethylenetetramine (TETA) with fatty acids produces amidoamines and substituted imidazolines, which are used as corrosion inhibitors in petroleum production operations. EDA, DETA, TETA, TEPA, AEP and HPA X 
Detergents/Cleaners/Fabric Softeners Dow Ethanolamines are used in heavy-duty liquid laundry detergents, providing a reserve alkalinity to the laundry bath, essential to efficient cleaning. The alkanolamines neutralize fatty acids present in oily soil components converting them to amine soaps and are effective soil anti-deposition agents. DEA and TEA
Ethyleneamine-based fabric softeners are commonly added to textile materials to make them less harsh, "softer" or more pleasing to the touch. Softeners also act as antistatic and antisoiling agents, and impart fluffiness. Softeners are added to the home washing machine during a rinse cycle or as part of a detergent/softener combination product, or to the clothes dryer. Softening agents based on Diethylenetriamine (DETA) and Triethylenetetramine (TETA) are also used in industrial textile processing operations. The most common ethyleneamine-based fabric softeners are bis-amidoamines or imidazolines made from DETA and fatty acids. AEEA, DETA and TETA
Isopropanolamine Mixture is used in hand cleaner formulations. Isopropanolamine Mixture
Drainage Aids Ethylenediamine (EDA) and Diethylenetriamine (DETA) are used in making polymers that serve as drainage aids. Drainage aids are also referred to as retention aids in some applications, and are typically polymers that can incorporate ethyleneamines to impart cationic character. They are used in applications such as paper making to help remove fine particles from aqueous streams. EDA and DETA
Epoxy Curing Agents All the commercial ethyleneamines are used either neat or as derivatives for curing epoxy resin-based coatings, adhesives, castings, laminates, grouts, etc. Although the ethyleneamines themselves are often used as the curing agent or part of a curing agent package, they are commonly modified in various ways to achieve performance, handling and safety improvements. They contain primary and secondary amines which can react with the epoxy resin functionality. EDA, TEPA-UHP, DETA, TETA, AEP, HPA X and PIP
Fuel Additives Fuel additives that control deposits in the fuel system (fuel injectors, intake valves, combustion chamber) of internal combustion engines are produced from ethyleneamines. Dispersant-detergent additives useful in gasoline are prepared with chlorinated polybutenes. Ethylenediamine (EDA), Diethylenetriamine (DETA) and Aminoethylethanolamine (AEEA) have found significant commercial application as dispersant detergent additives for gasoline when made by this route. EDA, TETA, AEEA, DETA, TEPA-UHP and HPA X
Fungicides Ethylenediamine (EDA) is used in fungicides for prevention of mildew, scab, rust and blight. The ethylenebisdithiocarbamates, which were first used in the 1930s, are a class of broad-spectrum, preventative, contact fungicides. The ethylenebisdithiocarbamates are prepared by reacting EDA with carbon disulfide in the presence of an aqueous base. EDA 
Gas Treating A wide variety of Amines products are used to treat gas. Dow Gas Treating Products & Services 
Hydrocarbon Purification To remove small concentrations of carbon disulfide (CS2) for the purpose of purifying hydrocarbons, triethylenetetramine (TETA) and tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA), are commonly used. TETA and TEPA
Ion Exchange Resins Certain ethyleneamines are used in the manufacture of specific weak-base type ion exchange resins. These resins are used in various water treatment and industrial processing applications, and are of the polyamine, amine-modified styrene-divinylbenzene, aminated phenol-formaldehyde, or amine-modified acrylic resin types. DETA, TETA and TEPA
Lube Oil Additives A major application area for ethyleneamines is in ashless, dispersants for engine oils and other lubricants. These additives function mainly to reduce the formation of sludge and varnish deposits within internal combustion engines by inhibiting the aggregation of particles, by solubilizing oil-insoluble liquids, and by neutralizing acidic species formed in the combustion process. Ethyleneamines are also used in dispersant-varnish inhibitors for lubricating oils for two-stroke engines. DETA, TETA, TEPA, AEEA and HPA X
Metalworking Fluids Acidic additives and/or acidic decomposition products are the prime contributors to corrosion of metal surfaces, particularly in the presence of moisture. Dow Ethanolamines are often used as neutralizers of acid components in lubricants and are a time-tested means of preventing corrosion. In water-soluble and grinding fluids, ethanolamines are used to provide the alkalinity needed to protect against rusting (ferrous metals do not oxidize under alkaline conditions). Dow Ethanolamines are also used as intermediates in the preparation of water-soluble lubricants, emulsifiers, proprietary corrosion inhibitors and biocides. TEA, DEA and MEA
Dow Isopropanolamines, Monoisopropanolamine (MIPA), Diisopropanolamine (DIPA) and Triisopropanolamine (TIPA), improve corrosion protection, lubricity, foam suppression, and reduce friction in metal cutting applications. MIPA, DIPA and TIPA
Mineral Processing Aids Certain processes for enrichment of phosphate ores use amidoamines and imidazolines made from ethyleneamines and fatty acids. These derivatives selectively adhere to silica particles and permit their removal by flotation procedures. EDA, DETA, TETA and AEP 
Oil Well Chemicals Triethanolamine (TEA) is used in "down hole" oil wells to prevent corrosion of drilling equipment. TEA 
Paper Wet-Strength Resins The leading types of resins used to impart wet-strength properties to various types of paper are made with ethyleneamines. Paper so treated is used in tissue and toweling products, packaging for milk and other food items, as well as filter papers, photographic paper, and various non-woven products. DETA, TETA and TEPA
Personal Care Dow Alkyl Alkanolamines stearate soaps are frequently used in hand lotions, cosmetic creams, cleansing creams, shaving creams and shampoos. The most common tertiary amine-based soaps are oleates and stearates. The oleate soap is water soluble; the stearate soap is not. Solutions of the oleate soap have very good detergent properties, are widely used with organic solvents and are typically utilized in dry cleaning solvents. DIPA
Dow Ethanolamines are used in heavy-duty liquid laundry detergents because they provide a unique combination of beneficial property and performance qualities. These ethanolamines impart a reserve alkalinity to the laundry bath, which is essential to efficient cleaning. The same ethanolamines are also effective soil anti-redeposition agents. They help to keep soil in the laundry bath from redeposing onto the fabric during the cleaning process. TEA, DEA and MEA
Petroleum Chemicals A number of ethyleneamine derivatives are used in petroleum production and refining operations as corrosion inhibitors, demulsifiers, neutralizers, and functional additives. Corrosion inhibitor formulations use a significant volume of ethyleneamines. They generally utilize the condensation reaction products of higher ethyleneamines and fatty or dimer acids, i.e., mono- and bis-amidoamines, imidazolines, and polyamides. In some secondary recovery operations, ethyleneamines can be used to decrease the migration of injected chemicals into the formation by adsorption and precipitation. Ethyleneamines are also employed in petroleum refining operations as part of a system used to extract thiols from petroleum distillates and as part of a composition used as an antioxidant to control fouling, among other uses. DETA, TETA, TEPA, AEP and HPA X
Pharmaceuticals Alkyl alkanolamines and their derivatives are widely used in the production of pharmaceutical products. N-methyldiethanolamine (MDEA) is an intermediate in the production of analgesics that have sedative and antispasmodic effects.  NMEA and MDEA
MIPA is used in antihistamines, antimalarials, antibiotics, local anesthetics, antidepressants and muscle relaxants. MEA, DEA and MIPA
Several pharmaceutical products use ethyleneamines as raw materials in their production, primarily ethylenediamine (EDA) and Piperazine 68% AQ. EDA and PIP
Photographic Chemicals Diethanolamine (DEA), NMEA and Triethanolamine (TEA) find use in complex modern developing systems used by the photographic chemical industry. DEA, NMEA and TEA 
As photographic intermediates, Diisopropanolamine (DIPA) functions as a neutralizer of acids, buffer and contributes to alkalinity. DIPA 
Plastic Lubricant A plastic lubricant called ethylenebisstearamide is made by the reaction of one mole of Ethylenediamine (EDA) with two moles of stearic acid. EDA
Polyamide Resins Polyamide resins find wide use as binders in printing inks for flexogravure application on certain paper, film, and foil webs and in hot-melt, pressure-sensitive, and heat-seal adhesives for leather, paper, plastic, and metal. The main polyamide resin type, in addition to the liquid resins used as epoxy hardeners, is prepared generally by the condensation reaction of diamines with di- and polybasic fatty acids. Thermoplastic polyamides are similarly used in formulating glossy, abrasion-resistant, overprint varnishes. EDA, DETA, TETA, TEPA, AEP and PIP
Printing Inks Monoethanolamine (MEA) is used as a pH control agent in the formulation of packaging and printing inks. MEA 
Rubber/Rubber Processing Aids Triethanolamine (TEA) functions as an intermediate for chemicals used in the manufacture of rubber TEA
Ethylenediamine (EDA) is the key ingredient in formulated vulcanizing accelerators and promoters. Dithiocarbamates are reaction products of EDA with carbon disulfide, sodium hydroxide and a divalent metal, such as manganese or zinc. Dithiocarbamates are formulated to make various vulcanizing accelerators and promoters. EDA 
Surfactants Dow Alkyl Alkanolamines and Ethanolamines react readily with long-chain fatty acids to form surface-active soaps. The products are waxy, noncrystalline materials which have widespread commercial importance as emulsifying additives in textile lubricants, polishes, detergents, pesticides and personal care products such as hand lotions, shaving creams and shampoos. TEA, MIPA, DIPA and TIPA
Certain ethyleneamines are commonly used in surfactants for their mildness and good foaming characteristics. Imidazolines made from ethyleneamines are generally converted to amphoteric surfactants for this application by reaction with one or two moles of sodium chloracetate. AEEA, DETA, TETA and TEPA
Textiles/Textile Additives Surface-active alkyl alkanolamine soaps, made primarily from oleic acid, are used in cleaning and scouring textiles. When combined with chlorinated solvents, these soaps become wetting agents. Soluble in water and in most hydrocarbon solvents, they lather well in hard water. Combined with natural oils, such as linseed, olive and castor oil, these soaps are utilized as textile lubricants, characterized by their excellent emulsifiability and ease of removal.

Esters of Dow Monoethanolamine (MEA) are used extensively in the textile industry as emulsifying agents. Dow N-methylethanolamine (NMEA) is used as a brightening agent in the dyeing of polyester/cotton blends.
Certain ethyleneamine derivatives are used in the textile-related industries for such applications as durable press, light stabilization, shrinkproofing wool, static prevention and mothproofing. Dye assist compounds for synthetic fibers have been derived from Ethylenediamine (EDA), Diethylenetriamine (DETA), Triethylenetetramine (TETA) and Tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA). The bis-amidoamine condensate made from TETA or TEPA and stearic acid is used as a defoamer in certain textile treatment baths. EDA, DETA, TETA, TEPA
Urethane Chemicals/Foams Certain ethyleneamines are used in the manufacture of specific polyols and catalysts for use in urethane systems. Applications include automotive, appliances, spray foams, building panels and elastomers. EDA, PIP, AEP and AEEA
Diethanolamine (DEA) and Triethanolamine (TEA) are used as catalysts that promote stability during the reaction process in the manufacture of flexible, rigid, and urethane foams. DEA and TEA 
Monoisopropanolamine (MIPA), Diisopropanolamine (DIPA) and Triisopropanolamine (TIPA) are used as a polyurethane additive (fire retardant). Used as a triol in the manufacture of flexible foams, these products provide higher tensile and tear strength, shorten pot time of the elastomer and aid in high temperature resistance. MIPA, DIPA, TIPA and Mixed Isopropanolamines
Wood Treating Due to its low cost and resistance to insects and moisture, pressure-treated lumber has earned a place in millions of home landscaping projects. In recent years, however, environmental concerns emerged around the commonly used CCA (copper, chromium, arsenic) systems, which contain heavy metals, including chromium and arsenic.

This $4 billion industry has turned to alternative wood preservatives including alkaline copper quarternary (ACQ) and copper azole. Both of these innovative preservatives use Monoethanolamine (MEA) and Heavy Polyamine (HPA) X as part of the treating process.